Launch Vehicles

Launch Vehicles

Launch Vehicles use various methods in order to reach space. The most common are rockets. They are referred to as Expendable Launch Vehicles. Many use rocket engines that use liquid propellants such as kerosene and liquid oxygen. Other methods include air-launched launch vehicle like Pegasus. Some are single stage to orbit stages, some use two stages or more. Some are vertical launch and some spaceplanes designs take off like planes.

Launch Vehicles Guide

X-30 Aerospaceplane

The X-30 Aerospaceplane was a technology demonstator. It was a single stage to orbit passenger and light cargo craft taking off horizontally from a...

Roton Rotary Rocket

ROTON was a proposed design for a single-stage-to-orbit, reusable launch vehicle that was developed in the late 1990s. Unfortunately development ceased in 2001. ROTON...

Energia Launch Vehicle

Energia Launch Vehicle System was the successor to the N-1 Moon Rocket. The Energia Launcher was used to launch Polyus and Buran. It was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakstan...

Buran Soviet Space Shuttle

Buran Soviet Space Shuttle only flew once to orbit. It was launched by Energia Launch Vehicle. About Buran Buran was the first reusable manned space vehicle in the Soviet...

Space Shuttle Enterprise

Space Shuttle Enterprise was the first space shuttle orbiter built for NASA. It performed atmospheric test flights and was incapable of spaceflight. It was named...

Shuttle II

The Shuttle II study began as an Agency activity in January 1985. Midway through the planned two-year effort, the Challenger accident occurred which reshaped...

Maks Air Launch System

Maks Spaceplane is a cancelled Russian Air-launched multi-purpose aerospace system. The aim was to reduce the cost of space operations. It was being developed...

Pictures of Rockets

Pictures of Rockets has a variety of pictures from NASA, ESA, private rocket companies, rockets from Chinese, Indian, Russian and more. Antares Rocket Ready for...

Space Plane Pictures

Space Plane Pictures has a variety of images from NASA, ESA, Russia, Japan, India, China and also from private space companies. ESA’s PRIDE space plane...

Hermes Space Plane

Hermes Spaceplane was designed in the 1980's by ESA (European Space Agency), however, it was cancelled in the early 1990's for economic reasons. Hermes...

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