Super Heavy Rocket


Super Heavy Rocket is a launch vehicle that can launch more than 50,000kg (50T) to LEO (low Earth orbit). It can also be used to also send payloads to the Moon, Mars and other destinations in our Solar System. 

Super Heavy Rocket Picture


Russia is building a moon rocket called Yenesei. Development started in 2018 and it may be launched from Vozdushny in 2028.

Potential Designs for Russian Super Heavy Rocket:

1.  Energia version: 5 boosters using RD-171 and RD-171 core (83T payload)
2.  SRC Progress version: 6 x RD-181 and core using RD-180 engine. (103T)

What does the rocket design look like?

No information at the moment on the design.
Perhaps it will use Soyuz Rocket design with 6 strap-on boosters.

Four main potential rocket engines could be used for the first stage: RD-170, Rd-180, Rd-191 and NK-33.


Space Launch System (SLS) (USA) will be used for NASA’s Artemis Program and future spacecraft to Mars. Block 1 will launch 95T to LEO.

Super Heavy and Starship (SpaceX)

SpaceX, a private company in the USA are developing ‘Super Heavy’ first stage of the launch vehicle and ‘Starship’ the second stage. They are both in development. May launch to orbit in 2021. Liqiuid Methane and liquid oxygen are used as propellant.

Falcon Heavy (SpaceX)

Falcon Heavy (SpaceX) has the potential to launch over 50T, but hasn’t to date (2019).

New Glenn (Blue Origin)


Long March 9 with an estimated payload of 140,000kg to LEO, 50,000 kg to Moon orbit and 44,000 kg to Mars. The core stage is 10m. Launch date: Possibly 2030

Previous Designs:

Future Launch Vehicles

Big Falcon Rocket (Super Heavy – new name)
New Armstrong (Blue Origin) for 2020’s.

Past Operational Launch Vehicles:

Cancelled vehicles include:

N-1 rocket (95T) (Soviet Union) was first launched in 1969.
Saturn V (USA)
Energiya (Soviet Union)
Ares-V (USA)

Did you know?

* There have been even heavier hypothetical launch vehicles like supernova and hyper-nova rockets.

Super Heavy Rocket Links:

The Yenisei super-heavy rocket: by RussianSpaceWeb

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