Federation Spacecraft


Federation Spacecraft is a Russian manned transport vehicle designed to deliver people and cargo to the Moon and orbital stations in near-earth orbit. It is developed by RSC Energia.

Federation Spacecraft

Artist Impresson….Russia’s Federatsiya next-generation crew spacecraft.

Federation is the successor to the Soyuz Spacecraft.


In Russian Federation is called Federatsiya.

Federation was named by a public vote

“Federation is a perfect name for a series of new Russian spacecraft,” officials with RSC Energia, the contractor that is building the vehicle for Roscosmos, said in a statement. “Russia is a federation of 85 constituent entities and each of them will be able to give its name for one of the ships.”

About the Spacecraft

The new spacecraft is planned to be partially reusable, fly autonomously for 30 days and be able to stay docked to a space station for up to one year.

Federation features three times the internal volume of the Soyuz and be able to carry four people and up to six in emergencies. The spacecraft will be able to stay in free flight for a period of up to 30 days and stay attached to a space station for a period of up to 1 year.

First unmanned orbital flight will be in 2021. First Crewed Federation spaceflight will be in 2023.


Total Mass: 14.4 metric tons to International Space Station or future Russian Low Earth orbit station. 19 tons for a mission to the Moon.
Spacecraft Length: 6.1 meters.
Crew: Up to 4 (6 for emergencies).

Federation spacecraft will be launched into low-Earth orbit Angara-A5V rocket or the Soyuz 5 Rocket (if developed in the future).

Federation Vs Orion

Orion is NASA’s for space exploration for Earth Moon Orbit and beyond. Federation will have similar specs and purpose to the NASA’s Orion crew exploration vehicle. They both will carry a crew of 4 and 6 in emergencies.

Like NASA’s Orion, Federatsiya is being designed to go beyond low Earth orbit, to deliver people and cargo to the moon.


Rocket and Space Corporation Energia took out a patent for a composite thermal control coating Thermalox, which will become a part of thermal protection package for the reentry vehicle of the new-generation crew transportation spacecraft Federation.

Developers’ analyses show that this unique coating will make it possible to maintain the specified thermal balance and provide electrostatic protection to the spacecraft. Thermal spraying will be used to apply the thermal protection coating to the external surface of the spacecraft.

The thermal control coating was developed within the framework of the government contract to develop an advanced crew transportation system. The invention was awarded a silver medal at the 19th Moscow World Salon of Inventions and Innovation Technologies Archimedes held on March 29 – April 1, 2016.

* First flight of Federation next-generation space vehicle albeit in miniature was launched by Russia launched on its second upgraded Soyuz crewed spacecraft (Soyuz MS-02) to the International Space Station. It was launched on 19 October 2016 from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan.

Soyuz MS-02 (Second upgraded Soyuz spacecraft) to the International Space Station on carried a small model of Russia’s Federation next-generation space vehicle. It was launched on 19 October 2016 from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan.

The toy was used as a zero-g indicator.

The crew’s toy version of the Federatsiya reproduces the shape of the spacecraft’s descent and propulsion modules, including the ship’s two solar array wings.

Flying a zero-g indicator — basically, a small toy hung on a string that starts floating when the Soyuz reaches orbit — is a tradition that dates back to the first human spaceflight by Soviet-era cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in April 1961.

The zero-g indicators, or talismen, have also been used to commemorate key spaceflight anniversaries, including the 55 years since Gagarin’s Vostok 1 mission by the crew of Soyuz TMA-19M in 2015, which used a medallion and toy rocket.

The Soyuz MS-02 crew, and their toy Federatsiya zero-g indicator, will stay at the space station for a little more than four months before returning to Earth in late February 2017.

Did You Know?

Federation was formerly known as the Prospective Piloted Transport System ( PPTS ).

Energia also builds the Soyuz spacecraft.

Federation Spacecraft Links:


(4th May 2016)

RSC Energia took out patent for thermal control coating for Federation spacecraft:

The first tests of the Federation spacecraft have been conducted on the ergonomic test stand: Energia.ru (4th May 2016)

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