The following is a list of Space Firsts – aka Space Milestones. It features a timeline features a list of first achievements from animals, space travel and exploration, NASA firsts, robotic missions, people and more.
Laika was the first animal to orbit the Earth.
The World’s First Artificial Satellite was Sputnik.
Luna 1 was the fist space probe to achieve Planet Earth escape velocity. The probe was launched on March 2, 1972.
Tiros 1 was the first weather satellite. It was launched on April 1, 1960 by a Thor-Able Rocket.
First Human in Space was Yuri Gagarin
First Woman in Space was Valentina Tereshkova
– First Space Walk was by Alexei Leonov.
– Venera 3 was the first spacecraft to impact on another planet (Venus). It was launched on November 16, 1965.
– Luna 9 was the first successful lunar soft landing. It was launched on January 31, 1966.
– Luna 10 was the first spacecraft to be placed in Moon orbit. It was launched on March 31, 1966.
– Surveyor was the first US soft landing on the Moon. It televised photos of itself and the lunar surface. It was launched on May 30, 1966 by an Atlas-Centaur.
First Human Landing on the Moon-Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin
Pioneer 10 was the first spacecraft to explore the Asteroid Belt, fly by Jupiter and leave the Solar System. The probe was launched on March 2, 1972
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: U.S.-USSR joint mission. Apollo 18 and Soyuz 19 docked.
First Piloted orbital test flight of U.S. Space Shuttle
First flight of U.S. Woman Astronaut was Sally Ride.
First Female Space Walker was Svetlana Savitskaya.
Hubble Space Telescope launched.
The first commercially (privately) funded human spaceflight.
This was to Mir Space Station. The mission was funded by MirCorp, a western company that was leasing the station from Energia, the Russian company that operated Mir for the Russian government.
The first Space Tourist was Dennis Tito.
SpaceShipOne was the first manned private spaceflight. Mike Melvill the pilot was the first private astronaut in space.