|The Saturn V (Saturn-5) was used for Nasa’s late 1960’s/early 1970’s Apollo Moon Programme and for the launching Skylab Space Station in the 1970’s.|
The Saturn V used three stages as the moon rocket for Apollo. The stages were:
Stage 1 is also known as S-IC. It was powered by five F-1 rocket engines which used kerosene and liquid oxygen (Lox) as propellants. At lift-off it produced more than 7.5 million pounds of thrust and had a burn time of 167.3 seconds. It was 42 metres (138 feet) tall and 10.1 metres (33 feet) in diameter. Boeing built the first stage.
Stage 2 is also known as S-II. It was powered by five J-2 rocket engines which used Liquid hydrogen and Lox as propellants. It was 24.8 meters (81.5 feet) in height. After the first stage was discarded, the second stage burned for approximately six minutes, taking the vehicle and payload to 185 kilometres (115 miles) altitude. North American built the second stage. McDonnell Douglas built the third stage.
Stage 3 is also known as S-IVB. It was powered by one liquid J-2 rocket engine which used Liquid hyrgoen and Lox as propellants. The stage was 17.8 meters (58.3 feet) in height.
The J-2 engine burned for 2.75 minutes boosting the spacecraft to orbital velocity of about 28,160 kilometres (17,500 miles) per hour. The third stage was shut down with fuel remaining and remained attached to the spacecraft in Earth orbit. The J-2 engine was reignited to propel the spacecraft into translunar trajectory at a speed of 39,430 kilometres (24,500 miles) per hour. McDonnell Douglas built the third stage.
How much fuel does a Saturn V rocket use?
The first stage carried 770,000 litres (203,400 gallons of kerosene and 1.2 million litres (318,000 gallons) of liquid oxygen.
How Big was the Saturn V?
The total height of the Saturn V with the three stages and the Apollo Payload the Saturn V was 111 meters (363 feet) high. In this configuration it was the largest rocket ever constructed in the 20th century.
13 Saturn V rockets in total were launched from 1967 until 1973.
Saturn V launched 2 unmanned spacecraft, 10 crewed and Skylab payload. The missions were as follows:
There were plans to develop a Saturn rocket that used NERVA to send a mission to Mars. Unfortunately, the Saturn V was abandoned!
Did you know?
* N-1 was the Soviet Unions Moon Rocket. It was the Soviet counterpart of the American Saturn-V.
* We know the Soviet’s lost the moon race. Please note: Lunar 15 Orbiter was in orbit at the time the Eagle landed. The Soviets sent a moon sample return mission to beat the Americans. It was unsuccessful. If it was successful, the Soviets could have said it was cheaper to use an unmanned spacecraft.
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