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Germany is a member of the European Space
Agency. The German Aerospace Center (DLR) is the National Research Center
for aviation and space flight in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Sigmund Jahn was the First
German in Space and the First East German in Space (Cosmonaut of
Democratic Republic). He flew to Salyut 6 in 1978 aboard Russia's Soyuz 31.
Ulf Merbold was the first
West German in Space and the second German Astronaut in Space. He
flew for ten days on Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-9 mission) in 1983 . Ulf
Merbold was the first non-American to fly on the Space Shuttle.
German Aerospace Centre
The German Aerospace Centre (DLR) runs national
research centres in Braunschweig, Göttingen, Köln-Porz, Oberpfaffenhofen (near
München), and Stuttgart. The address of the German Aerospace Centre is Linder
Hoehe, 51147 Koeln (Cologne), Germany.
Centre for ESA (EAC)
The European Astronaut
Centre of the European Space Agency is situated in Cologne, Germany. It was
established in 1990 as a result of Europe's commitment to human space programmes.
Operations Centre for ESA (ESOC)
The European Space
Operations Centre (ESOC) was created in 1967. ESOC plans and
conducts mission operations for ESA
and they operate and maintain the necessary ground segment infrastructure.
The ground station
system provides the link between the satellite in orbit and the Operations
Control Centre on the ground. ESOC has uses
a network of ground
stations around the world, which are called ESTRACK. The stations include: Kiruna
(Sweden), Kourou (French Guiana), New Norcia, (West Australia), Redu
(Belgium), Villafranca (Spain), Cebreros (Spain), Malindi (Kenya),
Maspalomas (Spain) and Perth (West Australia).
The address of the
European Space Operations Centre is: Robert-Bosch Str. 5, 64293
Darmstadt, Germany. Telephone: +49 6151 900, Fax: +49 6151 90495.
The first German research satellite was Azur
and it was launched in 1969.
Germany contributed to the European Sapce
Agency's Huygens mission. These included the use of a Doppler Wind Experiment
used to test wind speed, a descent imager and spectral radiometer to take
pictures of the atmosphere and the moon's surface, and an atmospheric structure
instrument to measure electrical properties within the atmosphere.
Eurorockot, based in Bremen is a joint
undertaking between EADS and Khrunitchev of Russia. Eurorockot markets the Rockot
in collaboration with the Russians for smaller payloads.
TerraSAR-X is the first German space project
implemented in a public/private partnership. Cooperation partners are the German
Aerospace Centre (DLR, Cologne) and EADS Astrium GmbH. TerraSAR-X has been
specifically designed for scientific and commercial use. It might be launched by
a Dnepr 1 rocket in 2005.
Wernher Von Braun
Wernher Von Braun was a famous rocket engineer.
He assisted in the development of the V-2 Rocket, Explorer satellites, the
Jupiter and Jupiter-C rockets, Pershing, the Redstone rocket, Saturn 1 and 1B
Rockets, Saturn V Rockets, and Skylab Space Station. Wernher Von Braun was born
in Wirsitz, Germany on March 23, 1912 and died in June 15, 1977 in Alexandria,
German Space Program Links:
Aerospace Center: In German. DLR
is Germany's national aerospace center as well as the national space agency.
- Human Spaceflight - Astronauts - EAC:
- ESOC: European
Space Operations Centre
Eurockot Launch Services GmbH
European Southern Observatory
( ESO ) - ESO, the European Southern Observatory, is a multinational
organisation of eight European member states. It operates astronomical
observatories in Chile and has its headquarters in Munich, Germany.
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Updated: Tuesday 1st, April, 2014
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