The Soviet Venera program was a series 16 probes to Planet Venus from 1961 and 1983. Although the first missions failed, Venera 7 to 14 landed safely, analysing the soil and taking the first pictures of Venus's surface. Due to the harsh hostile Venusian environment, the probes did not last long.
Venera means 'Venus' in Russian.
Venera Missions to Venus
Soviet Spacecraft Exploring Planet Venus.
Venera 16 - Soviet Venus Orbiter (1983)
Venera 15 - Soviet Venus Orbiter (1983)
Venera 14 - Soviet Venus Lander (1981)
Venera 13 - Soviet Venus Lander (1981)
Venera 13 returned the first colour images of Venus' surface.
Venera 12 - Soviet Venus Lander (1978)
Venera 11 - Soviet Venus Lander (1978)
Venera 10 - Soviet Venus Orbiter and Lander (1975)
Venera 9 - Soviet Venus Orbiter and Lander (1975)
Venera 9 was the first spacecraft to orbit Venus. Venera 9 was the first spacecraft to return an image from the surface of another planet.
Venera 8 - Soviet Venus Lander (1972)
Venera 7 - Soviet Venus Lander (1970)
Venera 6 - Soviet Venus Probe (1969)
Venera 5 - Soviet Venus Probe (1969)
Venera 4 - Soviet Venus Probe (1967)
Venera 4 was the first spacecraft to make a soft landing on another planet. It landed on on October 18, 1967.
Venera 3 - Soviet Venus Lander (Contact Lost) - 1965
Venera 2 - Soviet Venus Flyby (System Failed) - 1965
Venera 1 - Soviet Venus Flyby (Contact Lost) - 1961
Venera 1 was the world's first attempt to launch a space probe to another planet.
Did you know?
Venera-D probe is a proposed Russian space probe to Venus to be launched around 2016. Venera-D will be the first Venus probe launched by the Russia. Venera 1 to 16 were launched by the former Soviet Union.
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Updated: Tuesday 1st, April, 2014