The US Space Shuttle was first launched in 1981. It has flown more than 120
Currently the Space Shuttle is being used to construct the
Station. Click here to check out books.
The next and last mission was
Space Shuttle Atlantis STS-135 on 8 July
The Space Shuttle stack consists
of the Shuttle Orbiter, 2 solid rocket boosters (SRBs) and an expendable external tank
The Orbiter uses 3 SSME
Rocket Engines which use Liquid Hydrogen and Liquid Oxygen as propellants.
The payload is carried in the cargo bay. One of the most famous payloads is the
Hubble Space Telescope.
The Space Shuttle was launched from Florida. There were plans in the 1980's to
launch the space Shuttle from Vandenberg in California.
There were 5 shuttles in the US fleet:
Atlantis (1985) and
Endeavour (1991), which replaced
Shuttle Columbia Disaster happened on 1st February,
Enterprise was used for
atmospheric test flights but not intended for orbital flight.
The solid rocket motor (SRM) is the first solid rocket motor designed for
re-use and is the largest to be flown on manned missions. The 2 SRB's are
attached to the external tank! The SRM's are manufactured by Thiokol in
Birmingham City, Utah.
In the future more will be covered on the shuttle orbiters, solid rocket boosters, kenedy space center, and
more with more
Future Space Shuttle
Nasa started the Space Launch Intiative in 2001 in order to find a shuttle
successor with a planned replacement date of 2012. The program was replaced with
the Orbital Space Plane concept which was going to function as a small space
taxi to the ISS. In January 2004 Project Constellation was announced and the new Crew Exploration Vehicle
Orion. The CEV design
for the ISS is a capsule. It will be launched by Ares I and not on top of a Delta 4
or Atlas V.
Did you know?
The Space Shuttle is carried on the same crawler transporter that moved the
Saturn 5 rockets from the assembly building to the launch pad.
Spce Shuttle Book:
This page has a variety of books.
Space Shuttle Links:
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