Endeavour is the fifth and newest of all the shuttle orbiters. The
first flight of the orbiter Endeavour was STS-49 mission in May 7,
1992. Space Shuttle Endeavour was named after the first ship
commanded by James Cook. Captain James Cook was an 18th century
British explorer, navigator and astronomer.
assembly of Crew Module began in
to construct the fifth Space Shuttle orbiter as a replacement for
Challenger was granted by Congress on August 1, 1987. Structural
assembly of the aft-fuselage began on
September 28, 1987 and the wings
arrived at Palmdale, California from Grumman on
December 22, 1987.
assembly was completed on July 6,
1990. Endeavour was rolled out from Palmdale on April 25, 1991 and
delivered to Kennedy Space Center on
May 7, 1991. The flight readiness
firing was April 6, 1992 and the first flight (STS-49)
was on May 7, 1992.
Endeavour is primarily used for
missions to the
Space Station. The first mission to the ISS was STS-88 in
Endeavour was used in the Shuttle
Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). It was launched February 11, 2000
on a 11 day duration mission. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission
was a joint project between the National Geospatial-Intelligence
Agency (NGA) and NASA. The aim of the project was to produce
digital topographic data for 80% of the Earth's land surface.
Endeavour made the first service
mission to the
Hubble Space Telescope in December 1993.
Space Shuttle Launch:
The Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched from Florida.
The Space Shuttle Endeavour
works in the same way as the
other orbiters. It
consists of the
Shuttle orbiter, 2 solid rocket boosters and an expendable external
tank. The Orbiter uses 3
Engines which use Liquid Hydrogen and Liquid Oxygen as
propellants. The payload is carried in the cargo bay.
Endeavour has flown 19 flights
and the last one was STS-113 in November 2002, which was the flight
Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster.
Major upgrade modifications to the orbiter began in December 2003,
which include recommended
return to flight safety modifications.
The next one is
Space Shuttle Model:
Includes all types of merchandise
Shuttle Video and DVD:
Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour (OV-105):
NASA - Space Shuttle Endeavour:
Any comments on the Space Shuttle, click on