page has brief info on launch sites (space port) with links to other useful
San Marco Platform
• Christmas Island: This site has been proposed for future Aurora Launch Vehicles.
Alcantara Launch Center
•Shuang Cheng Tzu
• Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakh Republic
Baikonur was created in 1955 under a veil of secrecy in the Soviet Union. The Baikonur Cosmodrome covers an area of 125km by 85km.
Many historic flights began here. Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was launched on the first manned space mission from here on a Vostok Rocket on 12 April 1961. All manned missions have been launched from here: Vostok missions, Voshkhod missions, Soyuz missions.
Famous rockets launched from here include: the Proton Rocket which is used to launch satelittes and launch modules to the International Space Station. The Soyuz Rocket is used to launch manned spacecraft to the ISS, Progress Spacecraft and satellites. Zenit Rocket is used to launch satellites. Past launch vehicles include: Energiya/Buran, N-1, UR-200.
Since the collapse of
the Soviet Union, Baikonur has suffered economic problems and its future of
Baikonur is uncertain
• Kapustin Yar, Russia
Bor-4 and Bor-5 test space planes were launched from here.
• Plesetsk, Russia
This launch site is focussed on military
• Svobodny Space Launch Facilities:
Although officials for several years have talked about the advantages of constructing a new Russian Cosmodrome in the Far East, not until early 1994 were specific plans set in motion. The selected site is a former ICBM base named Svobodny. Its latitude is essentially equivalent to the minimum orbital inclination now permitted from Baikonur. The first space launches from Svobodnyy, which could come as early as 1996, will be with Rokot boosters in modified silos. Proposals to operate the future Angara launch vehicle from Svobodnyy met initial resistance from the Russian government, but the issue is apparently far from settled.
• Kourou, French Guiana
the French Space Agency decided to construct its own launch site at Kourou in
1964. Since then the complex has been used by the European Space Agency (ESA)
for launching the Ariane-4 (no longer in service), Ariane-5 and the Vega Rocket
in future. The Soyuz Rocket will be launched from here in 2007. At present there
are no manned launches from Kourou.
Japans Launch Sites:
• Tanegashima Space Center
•Kagoshima Space Center
• Kennedy Space Center (Cape Canaveral), Florida
Kennedy Space Center is the main launch site for the US Space Programme. Once a spacecraft has been launched, control is handed over to Mission Control at the Johnson Space Center, Houston or to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California for unmanned planetary missions.
The Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) is one the most prominent features at the Kennedy Space Center. The Vehicle Assembly Building is 160m (525ft) high and covers an area of three hectares (eight acres). The VAB is one of the largest buildings in the world. The Vehicle Assembly Building was originally constructed to assemble the Saturn V rockets used in the Apollo programme and now services the Space Shuttle.
The famous Space Shuttle is launched from here. There were plans in the 1990's to launch the shuttle from Vanderberg AFB.
The first launch
at the Kennedy Space
Center was of a captured German V-2 rocket on July 24 1950.
• Vanderberg AFB, California
• Wallops Island, Virginia
Space Port - Launch Sites Links
Goto Space Projects and Info Home Page