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The Planet Venus

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The Planet Venus is the second closest planet to the sun. It is located between our Earth and Mercury. It is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty.

Planet Venus

Venus is covered with thick clouds that create a greenhouse effect that makes it very hot.

Venus has no moons.


Facts about Planet Venus

* Diameter: 12,100 km. It is about 1040km smaller in diameter than Earth

* Temperature: Ranges from 900F+/- 50F (about 500C +/- 32C) at the surface

* Distance from Earth: At its closest, Venus is 41,840,000 km away

* Atmosphere: Carbon dioxide (95%), nitrogen, sulfuric acid, and traces of other elements

* Surface: A rocky, dusty, waterless expanse of mountains, canyons, and plains, with a 200-mile river of hardened lava

* Rotation of its axis: 243 Earth days (1 Venusian Day)

* Rotation around the Sun: 225 Earth days

* Magnetic Field: No


Venus is the brightest object in the sky besides our Sun and the Moon. It is also known as the morning star because at sunrise it appears in the east and and evening star as it appears at sunset when it is in the west. It cannot be seen in the middle of the night.

A Venusian day is 243 Earth days and is longer than its year of 225 days. Oddly, Venus rotates from east to west (retrograde - opposite to that of earth). If you were on Venus, the Sun would rise in the west and set in the east.

Venus and Earth are close together in space and similar in size, which is the reason Venus is called Earth's sister planet.

Planet Venus Spacecraft

Venera: Soviet, Magellan: US Spacecraft

News: Venus Express is the first European Space Agency (ESA) mission to Planet Venus. It was launched on 9 November 2005 by a Soyuz Fregat Rocket from Baikonur, Kazakhstan.

The spacecraft design is derived from the Mars Express spacecraft.


The Planet Venus Photo

Did you know?

  • Venus is often called Earth's twin because the two planets are close in size, but that's the only similarity.

  • The next Transit of Venus will occur on June 6th, 2012.

Books
Atlas of Venus by Peter Cattermole (Author), Patrick Moore (Author)
From Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk

Venus II: Geology, Geophysics, Atmosphere, and Solar Wind Environment (Space Science Series) by  D. M. Hunten
From Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk

June 8, 2004--Venus in Transit by Eli Maor
From Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk

Video
Venus: Second Planet (1994)

From Amazon.com


Planet Venus Links

Any comments or suggestions, then click on Contact Info.

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Updated: Tuesday 1st, April, 2014

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