Incredible-Adventures

The Planet Jupiter

You are here:

Home Page

 > Space Exploration

 
> Planet Jupiter


Search Engines

Custom Search

The Solar System

The Sun
Planet Mercury

Planet Venus
Planet Earth
Moon
Planet Mars

NEO's

Asteroid Belt
Planet Saturn
Planet Uranus
Planet Neptune

Planet Pluto

Sections:

Launch Vehicles
Spacecraft

Space Exploration
Spaceplanes
Space Stations

Space Quiz

Propulsion
Space Future
World Space
Space Miscellaneous

Space History

Aerospace Guide
Space Business

Military Space

Space Links

 

Options

Newsletter
Contact Info
Update News

 

 

The Planet Jupiter is the LARGEST PLANET in our Solar System. Jupiter has at least 63 moons and they include: Europa, Io, Callisto and Ganymede.

Jupiter was explored in flybys in the 1970s by NASA's Pioneer 10 and 11 and Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft, and is currently being studied by the Galileo spacecraft.


the planet jupiter photo


Facts about Planet Jupiter

* Diameter: 85,788 miles the largest planet - more than 12 Earths could line up across it

* Temperature: Range -163į C to >-121į C

* Distance from Sun: Approximately 466 million miles

* Atmosphere: Mostly hydrogen and helium

* Surface: A giant ball of mostly hydrogen and helium

* Rotation of its axis: 9 hours, 55 minutes in Earth time (the length of one rotation)

* Rotation around the Sun: 12 Earth years

* Magnetic Field: Yes

* Number of Moons: 63 moons have been identified Ganymede is the largest moon - it is bigger than both Mercury and Pluto


Books:

Jupiter Odyssey: The Story of Nasa's Galileo Mission by David M. Harland
From Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk

Shoemaker by Levy by David H. Levy
From Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk

The Giant Planet Jupiter by John H. Rogers
From Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk


History

The Italian scientist, Galileo Galilei was the first astronomer to view Jupiter through a telescope. While viewing Jupiter, he observed four satellites orbiting the planet, which lent credence to the Copernican theory that the Earth and other planets revolve around the Sun. Previously, many people held to the belief, developed by 2nd century astronomer, Ptolemy, that everything revolved around the Earth. Galileo's discovery was a major step forward for astronomy. Jupiter's satellites are mostly named for his mythological lovers.

In May 2002, astronomers announced an additional 11 moons for Planet Jupiter. All 11 are small bodies with diameters estimated to be between 2 and 4 kms. The moons are inclined, highly elliptical retrograde orbits with an average distance of 21 million kms. from the giant planet. The number of moons now known to orbit Jupiter are 39 and makes it the planet with the most moons.

These discoveries have been possible by a new generation of electronic cameras that can scan wide areas of the sky and detect dim objects, making them very efficient tools to search for small moons.

Jupiter related Spacecraft:

Flights to Jupiter: The United States has sent six space probes to Jupiter: (1) Pioneer 10 (December 1973) (2) Pioneer 11 (December 1974) (3) Voyager 1 (1979) (4) Voyager 2  (1979) (5) Ulysses (February 1992) and (6) Galileo.

In December 1995, NASA's Galileo spacecraft dropped a probe into Jupiter's atmosphere, which collected the first direct measurements of the atmosphere.

Cassini made a flyby in 2000 on its way to Saturn. NASAís New Horizons spacecraft made its flyby in 2007.

Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9

In March 1993, astronomers Eugene Shoemaker, Carolyn Shoemaker, and David H. Levy discovered a comet near Jupiter.

Astronomers witnessed a spectacular event when 21 fragments of a comet named Shoemaker-Levy 9 crashed into Jupiter's atmosphere. The impacts caused tremendous explosions, some scattering debris over areas larger than the diameter of Earth.

Rings

Jupiter has three thin rings around its equator. They are much fainter than the rings of Saturn.

Jupiter canít ever become a Star

Jupiter is the fastest spinning planet in the Solar System.

Magnetic Field

Jupiterís magnetic field is 14 times as strong as Earth

You can see Jupiter with your own eyes

Jupiter is usually the fourth brightest object in the sky at night and in our in the Solar System. The three objects that are brighter than Jupiter are the Sun, the Moon and Venus. Occasionally, Mars sometimes appears brighter than Jupiter.

Atmosphere

Approximately ninety percent of the upper atmosphere is hydrogen, and approximately ten percent of the upper atmosphere is helium.

Life

Amazing as it may seem scientists have speculated that life on Jupiter is possible. This would occur beneath the cloud cover where room temperature conditions exist, these lifeforms would be airborne although this theory is thought to be highly speculative.

Gravity

Because of the giant size of Jupiter, the gravity there is 2.4 times more than on Earth. If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would feel like you weighed 240 pounds on Jupiter.

Distance From The Sun

Jupiter is almost 500 million miles from the Sun (483,780,000 miles). Earth is only 93 million miles from the Sun. Even though Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System, this is why it still looks so small.i

Great Red Spot

Great Red Spot is a continual anticyclonic storm. Itís located twenty two degrees south of the equator. The storm alone is actually larger than the planet Earth, or the planet Mercury. According to astronomers, there is evidence that the storm existed on the planet at least since 1831.


Did you know?

Scientists use the planet's gravity to accelerate spacecraft so they can reach Saturn, Uranus and Neptune


The Planet Jupiter Links:

Pictures and Inormation on Jupiter:

Solarviews.com:

Project Galileo: NASA's JPL Home Page

Nine Planets' Jupiter:

NASA/JPL's Jupiter:

Jupiter Events:


The Planet Saturn Photo


References:

Any comments or suggestions, then click on Contact Info.

Aerospaceguide Update News and more. 

  • Keep in touch by joining the Free Emailed Newsletter by simply adding your email below.

Subscribe to aerospaceguide
Powered by groups.yahoo.com

Thank you for visiting Space Projects and Info.

Buy @ ASG:
Support Us!

ASG Space Shop

Books
Clothes
Collectibles

Space Magazines

Models
Posters
Software
Star Trek
Toys
Travel
Videos

Cool Stuff!



Astronaut Costumes

Marvel Digital Comics

Discovery Store

 

20 million dollar space tourist

 

 

 

 

Goto Space Exploration

Goto Space Projects and Info Home Page

Copyright © 2000-2014 Vic Stathopoulos. All rights reserved.
Updated: Tuesday 1st, April, 2014

In Association with art.com