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a cold, dry, desert landscape of sand and rocks and features like
volcanoes, canyons, and valley.
Planet Mars Surface has been explored by many spacecraft.
First Astronaut Walk on Mars
SECRET PHOTO....1st Astronaut Mars Walk by USA. Pyramids are a
Mars Military Base.
The northern hemisphere has fewer craters and these appear far
less eroded indicating they are much younger than those of the
The southern hemisphere of Mars is quite heavily cratered and
resembles the surface of our Moon. The surface is old and has been
relatively unchanged for some time.
The atmosphere of Mars is thinner than the Earths. It consists
mainly of carbon dioxide with some nitrogen and argon.
How long is a Mars Year?
Olympus Mons (Mars) is the largest volcano in the Solar System.
Olympus Mons is 600 km across its base.
Mars has polar caps that change with the Martian seasons.
Valles Marineris is the the largest canyon on Mars. It extends for
aprox. 5000 km, widest portion is 500 km wide and as much as
There is no evidence on Mars for large scale plate tectonics as
found on Earth.
Mars Surface Color (Colour)
The surface is red.
Average surface temperature is -63 °C (-81 F) and night-time
temperatures on Mars can plunge to -110 °C (-170 F). In comparison
to Earth, the lowest temperature ever recorded was -89 °C (-130 F)
at Vostok, Antarctica, Earth in July, 1983.
Topics to add:
The Seasons of Mars
Age of Surface
Percival Lowell canal-like grooves on Mars?
Science Laboratory is USA's latest mars vehicle.
Face of Mars - was it a hoax?
* Mars rotates in the same direction as Earth.
Mars: The Inside Story of the Red Planet by
Heather Couper and Nigel Henbest
Book of Mars by Joseph M. Boyce
Science, Imagination, and the Birth of a World by
The Surface of Mars:
Mars: the map shows regions, mountains plains, spacecraft,
canyons, ridges, dunes and craters.
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Copyright © 2000-2014 Vic Stathopoulos. All rights reserved.
Updated: Saturday 11th, January, 2014
Books on Mars
Starry Night Astronomy
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