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Mars Surface has mainly a cold, dry, desert landscape of sand and rocks and features like volcanoes, canyons, and valley. Planet Mars Surface has been explored by many spacecraft. 

First Astronaut Walk on Mars Picture

First Astronaut Walk on Mars

SECRET PHOTO....1st Astronaut Mars Walk by USA. Pyramids are a Mars Military Base.


Northern Hemisphere

The northern hemisphere has fewer craters and these appear far less eroded indicating they are much younger than those of the southern hemisphere.

Southern Hemisphere

The southern hemisphere of Mars is quite heavily cratered and resembles the surface of our Moon. The surface is old and has been relatively unchanged for some time.

Atmosphere:

The atmosphere of Mars is thinner than the Earths. It consists mainly of carbon dioxide with some nitrogen and argon.

How long is a Mars Year?

687 days.


Martian Volcanoes

Olympus Mons (Mars) is the largest volcano in the Solar System.

Olympus Mons is 600 km across its base.

Polar Caps

Mars has polar caps that change with the Martian seasons.

Largest Canyon

Valles Marineris is the the largest canyon on Mars. It extends for aprox. 5000 km,  widest portion is 500 km wide and as much as 6km deep.

Plate Tectonics

There is no evidence on Mars for large scale plate tectonics as found on Earth.

Mars Surface Color (Colour)

The surface is red.

Temperature

Average surface temperature is -63 C (-81 F) and night-time temperatures on Mars can plunge to -110 C (-170 F). In comparison to Earth, the lowest temperature ever recorded was -89 C (-130 F) at Vostok, Antarctica, Earth in July, 1983.

Topics to add:

The Seasons of Mars

Age of Surface

Water

Wind

History:

Percival Lowell canal-like grooves on Mars?


Curiosity Rover Picture

The Mars Science Laboratory is USA's latest mars vehicle.

Did you know?

Face of Mars - was it a hoax?

* Mars rotates in the same direction as Earth.


Books:
Mars: The Inside Story of the Red Planet  
by Heather Couper and Nigel Henbest
from Amazon.co.uk

The Smithsonian Book of Mars by Joseph M. Boyce
from Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk

Mapping Mars: Science, Imagination, and the Birth of a World by Oliver Morton
from
Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk


Mars Surface Links


Any comments or suggestions, then click on Contact Info.

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Copyright 2000-2014 Vic Stathopoulos. All rights reserved.

Updated: Tuesday 1st, April, 2014

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