Hermes Spaceplane was designed in the 1980's by ESA (European Space Agency), however, it was cancelled in the early 1990's for economic reasons. Hermes was to be launched by an Ariane-5. Its specifications were to carry a three-person crew with 2725 kg paylaod. In total, it was to weigh 19,070kg.
The Hermes Space Vehicle's purpose was for transferring crews and equipment to spacestations, servicing unpiloted platforms and repairing satellites in orbit. Hermes was also intended to put scientific experiments in orbit during unpiloted flights.
Please note that the Ariane-5 was fully developed and present it functions as a satellite launcher. In the future, the Ariane-5 will be used to launch ESA's ATV for carring cargo and propellant to the ISS (International Space Station).
Spaceflight-A Smithsonian Guide by Valerie Neal, Cathleen S.Lewis, and Frank H. Winter, (c) 1995 Published by Prentice Hall Macmillian Company, ISBN 0-02-860007-X
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Updated: Tuesday 1st, April, 2014